The UN Cease Fire Resolution

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So it appears that the UN Security Council has finally come up with a UN Resolution calling for a sustainable ceasefire.  A huge victory for Israel and the US since it does not call for a ignorant "immediate" ceasefire:

The full 15-member council has to review and accept the text. A vote is anticipated on Monday or Tuesday.

Following are highlights from the draft:

Calls for a full cessation of hostilities based upon "immediate cessation by Hizbollah of all attacks and the immediate cessation by Israel of all offensive military operations;"

Expresses its intention, after agreement from Lebanon and Israel to a "political framework for a lasting solution," to authorize deployment of an international force to support the Lebanese armed forces;

Calls for Israel and Lebanon to support a permanent cease-fire and agree on a long-term solution based on the following principles and elements:

  • strict respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Israel and Lebanon;
  • full respect for the Blue Line (U.S. drawn boundary between Lebanon and Israel) by both parties;
  • delineation of the international borders of Lebanon, especially in those areas where the border is disputed or uncertain, including in the Shebaa Farms area;
  • security arrangements to prevent the resumption of hostilities, including the establishment between the Blue Line and the Litani River of a buffer zone free of any armed personnel other than those of the Lebanese force and of U.N.- mandated international forces.
  • disarmament of all armed groups in Lebanon so there will be no weapons or authority in Lebanon other than that of the Lebanese state;
  • establishment of an international embargo on the sale or supply of arms and related material to Lebanon except as authorized by its government;
  • provision to the United Nations of remaining maps of land mines in Lebanon in Israel's possession;

The draft asks the U.N secretary-general to secure agreements in principle from Lebanon and Israeli on the above elements for a long-term solution.

It also asks the secretary-general to develop proposals on the delineation of Lebanon's borders with Israel and Syria that are disputed or uncertain, including the Shebaa Farms and report to the Security Council within 30 days.

The preamble but not the operative part of the draft emphasized the need to address the "the unconditional release of the abducted Israeli soldiers" and encourages "efforts aimed at settling the issue of the Lebanese prisoners detained in Israel."

Not that it really matters since the UN is useless.  They can pass resolution after resolution but without the will to enforce them they are not worth the paper its printed on.  The draft does seem like one of the better resolutions to come down the pike in awhile, does it really matter tho?

Ed Morrissey believes it does:

It demands that Lebanon ensure that no non-state militias purchase arms, which means that Beirut has to attend to its borders. They will have the responsibility to keep Syria and Iran from resupplying the terrorist group, and failure makes them responsible for attacks on Israel.

South of the Litani, Lebanon would then become a demilitarized zone. The UNIFIL contingent still in the area would stay long enough to verify that the cease-fire had taken place, and then the UN would send a larger and presumably competent peacekeeping force into the area. Their job would be to support the Lebanese Army in assuming military control all the way to the Blue Line. Once that happened, then the UN could start brokering the other issues involved in the conflict, such as Shebaa Farms and the prisoners captured by both sides.

It sounds intelligent and rational, and it places the onus on Hezbollah, where it belongs. 

UPDATE 2345hrs PST

Vital Perspective has obtained the full text of the draft:

Draft UNSC resolution

The Security Council,

Recalling all its previous resolutions on Lebanon, in particular resolutions 425 (1978), 426 (1978), 520 (1982), 1559 (2004), 1655 (2006) and 1680 (2006), as well as the statements of its President on the situation in Lebanon, in particular the statements of 18 June 2000 (S/PRST/2000/21), of 19 October 2004 (S/PRST/2004/36), of 4 May 2005 (S/PRST/2005/17) of 23 January 2006 (S/PRST/2006/3) and of 30 July 2006 (S/PRST/2006/35),

Expressing its utmost concern at the continuing escalation of hostilities in Lebanon and in Israel since Hizbollah'??s attack on Israel on 12 July 2006, which has already caused hundreds of deaths and injuries on both sides, extensive damage to civilian infrastructure and hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons,

Emphasizing the need for an end of violence, but at the same time emphasizing the need to address urgently the causes that have given rise to the current crisis, including by the unconditional release of the abducted Israeli soldiers,

Mindful of the sensitivity of the issue of prisoners and encouraging the efforts aimed at settling the issue of the Lebanese prisonersdetained in Israel,

1. Calls for a full cessation of hostilities based upon, in particular, the immediate cessation by Hizbollah of all attacks and the immediate cessation by Israel of all offensive military operations;

2.  Reiterates its strong support for full respect for the Blue Line;

3.  Also reiterates its strong support for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders, as contemplated by the Israeli-Lebanese General Armistice Agreement of 23 March 1949;

4.  Calls on the international community to take immediate steps to extend its financial and humanitarian assistance to the Lebanese people, including through facilitating the safe return of displaced persons and, under the authority of the Government of Lebanon, reopening airports and harbours for verifiably and purely civilian purposes, and calls on it also to consider further assistance in the future to contribute to the reconstruction and development of Lebanon;

5. Emphasizes the importance of the extension of the control of the Government of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory in accordance with the provisions of resolution 1559 (2004) and resolution 1680 (2006), and of the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, for it to exercise its full sovereignty and authority;

6.  Calls for Israel and Lebanon to support a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution based on the following principles and elements:

  • strict respect by all parties for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Israel and Lebanon;
  • full respect for the Blue Line by both parties;
  • delineation of the international borders of Lebanon, especially in those areas where the border is disputed or uncertain, including in the Shebaa farms area;
  • security arrangements to prevent the resumption of hostilities, including the establishment between the Blue Line and the Litani river of an area free of any armed personnel, assets and weapons other than those of the Lebanese armed and security forces and of UN mandated international forces deployed in this area;
  • full implementation of the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords and of resolutions 1559 (2004) and 1680 (2006) that require the disarmament of all armed groups in Lebanon, so that, pursuant to the Lebanese cabinet decision of July 27, 2006, there will be no weapons or authority in Lebanon other than that of the Lebanese state;
  • deployment of an international force in Lebanon, consistent with paragraph 10 below;
  • establishment of an international embargo on the sale or supply of arms and related material to Lebanon except as authorized by its government;
  • elimination of foreign forces in Lebanon without the consent of its government;
  • provision to the United Nations of remaining maps of land mines in Lebanon in Israel's possession;

7.  Invites the Secretary General to support efforts to secure agreements in principle from the Government of Lebanon and the Government of Israel to the principles and elements for a long-term solution as set forth in paragraph 6 above;

8.  Requests the Secretary General to develop, in liaison with key international actors and the concerned parties, proposals to implement the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, and of resolutions 1559 (2004) and 1680 (2006), including disarmament, and for delineation of the international borders of Lebanon, especially in those areas where the border is disputed or uncertain, including by dealing with the Shebaa farms, and to present those proposals to the Security Council within thirty days;

9.  Calls on all parties to cooperate during this period with the Security Council and to refrain from any action contrary to paragraph 1 above that might adversely affect the search for a long-term solution, humanitarian access to civilian populations, or the safe return of displaced persons, and requests the Secretary General to keep the Council informed in this regard;

10.  Expresses its intention, upon confirmation to the Security Council that the Government of Lebanon and the Government of Israel have agreed in principle to the principles and elements for a long-term solution as set forth in paragraph 6 above, and subject to their approval, to authorize in a further resolution under Chapter VII of the Charter the deployment of a UN mandated international force to support the Lebanese armed forces and government in providing a secure environment and contribute to the implementation of a permanent ceasefire and a long-term solution;

11. Requests UNIFIL, upon cessation of hostilities, to monitor its implementation and to extend its assistance to help ensure humanitarian access to civilian populations and the safe return of displaced persons;

12. Calls upon the Government of Lebanon to ensure arms or related materiel are not imported into Lebanon without its consent and requests UNIFIL, conditions permitting, to assist the Government of Lebanon at its request;

13. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council within one week on the implementation of this resolution and to provide any relevant information in light of the Council as intention to adopt, consistent with paragraph 10 above, a further resolution;

14. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

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Not that it really matters since the UN is useless. They can pass resolution after resolution but without the will to enforce them they are not worth the paper its printed on but the draft does seem like one of the better resolutions to come down the pike in awhile.

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Contrary to what many are saying, I am not at all pleased with this resolution. The only good thing about it is it looks like none of the warring parties are willing to accept it.

As I point out over at Stubborn Facts, the problem is that it does not spell out the composition or rules of engagement for a new multinational military force to guarantee the disarmament of Hizbollah. Once Israeli bombs stop falling on Hezbollah, so will the support for a robust multi-national force. We’ll wind up with nothing significantly better than the utterly impotent existing UNIFIL forces. Maybe a few more of them, but with no more power to actually fight terrorists and keep them from rearming then UNIFIL has… which is to say, none at all.

So, the resolution will put pressure on Israel to stop major fighting, but won’t ensure a real force to protect them later.